About Hepatitis a b and c profile
What is Hepatitis?
Hepatitis is an inflammatory condition of the liver. It is typically caused by viral infection, though there are other ways of acquiring the condition such as alcohol abuse. There are several known viruses responsible for hepatitis but the most common by far are Hepatitis A, B and C.
The viruses are spread in different ways and are more common in different areas of the world. Hepatitis infections can be asymptomatic but common symptoms include jaundice, vomiting, diarrhoea, dark urine and pale stools. Chronic hepatitis infection can lead to significant liver damage and liver failure.
Hepatitis A is caused by the hepatitis A virus (HAV), it is usually transmitted by consuming food or drink contaminated with infected faeces. The virus can also be transmitted through undercooked shellfish or during sexual activity with an infected individual if there is a chance that faecal matter can enter the mouth. It is generally not life-threatening, with treatment often simply to rest and recover. There is a vaccine against HAV and does not typically cause chronic infection.
Hepatitis B is caused by hepatitis B virus (HBV), it is usually transmitted through the blood. HBV is commonly spread from infected pregnant mothers to their babies, in rare cases it can be spread through unprotected sex or intravenous drug administration with shared needles. Adults infected with HBV generally recover without medication, but infected children can present with chronic hepatitis B, which drastically increases the risk of liver cancer. There is a vaccine for HBV.
Hepatitis C is caused by hepatitis C virus (HCV), it is usually transmitted through the blood and is the most common type of hepatitis in the UK. The most common way the virus is spread is through intravenous drug administration with shared needles. Many people are asymptomatic and may not know they are infected with HCV. Approximately a quarter of those infected will fight off the virus by themselves, but chronic infection can lead to liver failure and drastically increases the risk of liver cancer. There is no vaccine for hepatitis C but there are effective antiviral treatments.
Why take the test?
This test checks for a variety of factors associated with hepatitis infections, including liver and blood clotting functions. It also checks for the presence of and immune response to each of hepatitis A, B and C viruses. It is used to diagnose hepatitis infection and detect the specific type of hepatitis if an infection is present.
How it works
Order your kit
Just order a test online and get your kit delivered right to you door. Your kit contains everything you need for the test.
Take your test and post
Follow our simple instructions to take your sample and post back the enclosed prepaid envelope to our accredited lab for processing. We also offer home or workplace visits by a qualified nurse.
Get results directly to your dashboard
You will receive an email notification from our medical team when your results are available on your secure personalised health dashboard.
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